The Stomach Flu and Viruses

E. Coli, salmonella, Rotavirus, norovirus, and other kinds of bacterial and viral gastroenteritis, are usually known as “stomach flu”, causing diarrhea. The virus is especially common among school-aged children.

When food and fluids are contaminated with these bacteria, they cause bacterial infections which results in diarrhea.

For children, diarrhea can lead to complications such as severe dehydration, and even death. Dehydration is more dangerous for those who have weaker immune systems, like children and elderly.

Hygiene is extremely important when it comes to preventing food contamination or catching any viruses that cause diarrhea. Wash your hands regularly (or use a non-toxic disinfectant), making sure that food preparation is safe, separating raw and cooked foods etc. can help reduce the chances of catching the virus.

Here are some symptoms associated with diarrhea:

  • Abdominal cramping
  • Abdominal gas
  • Bloating
  • Urgent need to relieve bowel movement
  • Nausea
  • Fever
  • Loose, watery stool

If you're an adult, see your doctor if:

  • Your diarrhea persists beyond two days
  • You become dehydrated
  • You have severe abdominal or rectal pain
  • You have bloody or black stools
  • You have a fever above 102 F (39 C)

 

Information extracted from: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/diarrhea/symptoms-causes/dxc-20232937